Tuesday, 17 December 2013

The Coalition, the Davies Commission and the Wicked Issue of Airport Expansion

Photo Mark Winterbourne
Once again, the possibility of a third runway at Heathrow is back on the policy agenda in what appears to be the endgame of a creeping policy reversal by the Coalition. Ambushed by a sustained campaign in favour of aviation expansion, many commentators interpreted the Davies Commission to be an attempt by the government to defer its need to make a decision until after the 2015 election. But the announcement of the Commission’s interim conclusions has surely thrust airport expansion squarely into the political arena once more, thus reactivating antagonisms and cleavages over the future of the industry. This renewed politicization of the issue should be seen in the context of the failure of New Labour to forge a broad societal consensus about the future of aviation in the face of a skilful anti-expansion campaign, which connected the issues of airport expansion, the aviation industry and climate change in a heady mix. It also suggests that the return of a technocratic style of politics led by an expert commission might not be enough to resolve what has become a ‘wicked issue’ for all parties and governments.

Steve Griggs and David Howarth

You can read the full article here.

Tuesday, 10 December 2013

Berlusconi, Boehner and the Brink: Lessons for Political Reform in Britain

Alan Ware
The Italian and American crises in the early autumn of 2013 may seem grotesque to observers, but in many ways they are merely extreme instances of how it has become more difficult in democratic countries to provide for what political scientists used to call ‘the aggregation of interests’. There is now a less widespread belief that your interests will be taken into account, and this has given rise to a greater willingness to risk harm to the political system by your insistence that they be given priority. One consequence is to make it even more important than it previously was that reform of institutions is not undertaken in an ill-informed or complacent way. Unlikely though it might seem at first glance, there are lessons to be learnt by British political reformers from the events in Rome and Washington.

You can read the entire article by Alan Ware here.